I’ve been following the discussion on this site and others regarding two recent articles on space radiation. The first article appeared in the March 2006 edition of Scientific American. This article was written by Eugene N. Parker. The second article appeared in the June 2006 issue of Discover Magazine and was written by M.G. Lord. This article is titled “Are We Trapped On Earth? Impossible Journey.”
While I have my own thoughts on what is valid about the issue of cosmic radiation and its effect on long term space flight participants, I won’t share them with you at this time. Instead, I want to urge those interested in this discussion to do your own checking of the sources and make up your own mind as to which side of the discussion you believe to be more valid or completely valid. Since I have in front of me the two articles referenced above, I can easily list the sources from both articles and the URLs where readers can find out more about the radiation issue directly from the sources used for the articles.
Clark, because I do not have any sources handy for the information you cite, can you please post a comment to this message and list some sources and URLs for interested readers to find out more about what your are talking about and suggesting? Even a mini-literature search would suffice.
Again, those of you interested in this subject, check out the sources used by the writers of the articles and by Clark. Then make up your own mind as to the validity of the arguments on either side of the issue regarding cosmic rays and humans in space. Remember, a key component in critical thinking and discernment is that you compel yourself to step outside your own point view, your own prejudice and your own agenda. You want to be as unbiased as possible and open minded as possible so your critical thinking and discernment skills can kick in.
If you do check out the source material on this topic, which by the way is an important topic and this is an important discussion, please post your thought, analysis, and conclusions here on Space-Cynic.
Thanks. Happy researching to each of you.
Sources: These sources are not meant to be the final word on this subject. They are simply starters for your research and were cited by the magazine articles. Obviously to do proper research and due diligence, your own source investigation should include additional sources on both sides of the issue. But this is a good list for starters.
Eugene N. Parker: http://www.phys-astro.sonoma.edu/BruceMedalists/Parker/ParkerRefs.html
Office of Aerospace Medicine Civil Aerospace Medical Institute, FAA: http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/aam/cami/
Dr. Wallace Friedberg:: http://www.mmac.faa.gov/intercom/010511.htm
Into fencing? Meet ‘The Wall.’Radiation biologist thrust of awardBy Mike WaydaWhile he may appear mild-mannered to his colleagues at the Civil Aeromedical Institute, Dr. Wallace Friedberg, FAA radiation biologist, is known as “The Wall” to his fencing competitors. ‘The Wall’: CAMI’s Dr. Friedberg in fencing gear.Friedberg, a long-time devotee of the sport of fencing, was recently honored by the Redlands Fencing Club with a lifetime achievement award for his 30-plus years of participating in and promoting the sport.
Before participating in an Oklahoma-wide tournament on March 24, Friedberg was presented with the award, which came as a “big surprise” to him. When asked what one would need to do to win a lifetime achievement trophy, he said, “You have to be able to survive and to persevere.”
In one of his very early matches, Friedberg was somehow wounded and needed a few stitches in his hand. He survived that, as well as other challenges in his life, including a bout with cancer, and he has persevered in his pursuit of excellence in the sport — and at work.
In 1960, Friedberg joined the staff of the Civil Aeromedical Research Institute, as it was known then. He was among a group of researchers and scientists who were hired first to work at the FAA institute. He and two other CAMI employees are now the only ones of the original “dinosaurs,” as they referred to themselves, still working after 41 years.
Friedberg says he takes fencing “very seriously,” practicing and taking lessons on a regular basis. He is expert in the épée, a time-honored weapon wielded in fencing competitions, and he has won the state championship several times.
As a competitor, the 73-year-old Friedberg is acknowledged as being anything other than mild-mannered. ###(Wayda is editor of The Federal Air Surgeon’s Medical Bulletin, his report appears in the Spring, 2001 ed.)
Space Radiation Shielding Program at Marshall Space Flight Center:
Radiation Shielding for Human Interplanetary Exploration and Discovery, a NASA sponsored workshop for the Univ. of Michigan: http://aoss.engin.umich.edu/Radiation/
Samuel C.C. Ting, MIT: http://nobelprize.org/physics/laureates/1976/ting-autobio.html
National Space Radiation Lab at Brookhaven National Laboratory:
Francis Cucinotta, Chief Scientist at NASA’s radiation program:
Jacob Bloomberg, Neuroscientist at Johnson Space Center
Dr. Marcelo Vazquez, Brookhaven National Labs
Duane Pierson, NASA Microbiologist:
http://www.isso.uh.edu/postdoc/2004/fox.htm scroll to the bottom of this page for a brief biography of Dr. Pierson. His papers on radiation topics can be found on the web using Google.
John Charles, NASA Space Life Sciences Division:
Shannon Lucid: http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/lucid.html
Mike Fincke: http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/fincke.html
Dr. Lakshmi Putcha: firstname.lastname@example.org Pharmacotherapeturics researcher at Life Sciences Lab at Johnson.